Using the em

Several options will pop up, including the em dash. Dashes are considered less formal than parentheses; they are also more intrusive. One characteristic of good composing is the perceiving decisions the creator makes in accentuation. In , em or en dashes can be used as brackets , but the use of a second dash as a closing parenthesis is optional. Crazy! Em dashes in place of parentheses A pair of em dashes can replace a pair of parentheses. —winning novel• The hospital—nursing home connection the connection between the hospital and the nursing home, not a home connection between the hospital and nursing• An em dash can replace commas, parentheses, and colons. And in fact en dashes specify any kind of range, which is why they properly appear in indexes when a range of pages is cited e. By comparison, the en dash, with its 1 width, is in most either a half-em wide or the width of an upper-case "N". So I did what any educated American would do and went straight to Wikipedia. For example, by Canadian typographer recommends the spaced en dash — like so — and argues that the length and visual magnitude of an em dash "belongs to the padded and corseted aesthetic of Victorian typography". Amber just called and said she wants to ride with us. Three em dashes might be used to indicate a completely missing word. wikihow. In , it is the character usually used to denote like the or the negative. Em-n-en is a dedicated em dash and en dash creator for Windows Don't want to go through the trouble of setting up a text expansion app just for dashes? " Clevinger interrupted, shrieking. It may be used to indicate turns in a dialog, in which case each dash starts a paragraph. The pro-conscription—anti-conscription debate• ali A couple of things. This is how you may use the Alt Code method to type the em dash anywhere on your Windows PC including Microsoft Word, Excel, One Note, Sticky Note, PowerPoint or even on your browser such as Google Docs. In any case, in the second sentence, the span of the Honda is significant to the excursion. Several similar characters from one Unicode block used to draw horizontal lines. Try it now in the. Academic Writing Tutor. Something else to remember is that numerous sentences as of now have commas so utilizing them to set off a distinct expression can make things somewhat swarmed with commas. This results in many people using a double hyphen instead —. Preference for hyphen vs. Also you could use a colon, or two full stops, etc. The Em dash Alt Code is 0151. wikihow. It's not, however, found on most keyboards. This is a matter of rather than. and , , etc. Confusing The two main tributaries to the Ohio River—the Allegheny and the Monongahela—run through industrial areas and are polluted with chemicals—fluorides, agricultural runoff, and mercury. Do you know what an EM dash is? Shall I buy the tickets? The clock—which was given to me by my grandmother—has to be wound every morning. — via Internet Archive. You horrid thing! Retrieved 18 October 2007. The em-dash allows you to do this. It is also considered poor style best avoided to use the en dash in place of the words "to" or "and" in phrases that follow the forms from X to Y and between X and Y. In this way, how about we begin with enclosures versus EM-dash, by looking at two sentences. Press the Windows key and the period. Finally, you can use em dashes as an alternative to parenthesis. You can use special HTML codes to display dashes on your website. About your second question, there is no hyphen in set apart. Similarly to the en-dash, the em-dash should only be used to separate a sentence when there is an interruption that breaks the flow. To Give a List More Focus When a sentence begins with a list, try following it up with an em dash. Em dashes are often represented in British usage by a single hyphen-minus surrounded by spaces, or in American usage by two hyphen-minuses surrounded by spaces. The widths of en and em dashes have also been specified as being equal to those of the upper-case letters N and M, respectively, and at other times to the widths of the lower-case letters. Some text editors, for example, were restricted to working with a single pre-Unicode , and when unencodable characters are entered—for example by pasting from the clipboard—they were often blindly converted to question marks. Type either the entity number or entity name where you'd like the em dash to appear. Note, however, that dashes are always more emphatic than commas. You want to be sparing in your use of an EM-dash in place of a colon, and remember that by using an EM-dash instead of a colon, your style becomes less formal. Maybe she feels the need to explain it. Examples:• Example:• See this guide for more details on proper usage. 155. Now, I will be able to use it again in my writing. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning. By signing up you agree to our This is a straightforward but captivating look at how an em dash can be used in a sentence to create an image for the reader. It has multiple uses, making it a especially useful in informal writing or fiction. Those were the days. Two examples of this are as follows properly typeset 2-em and 3-em dashes should appear as a single dash, but they may show on this page as several em dashes with spaces in between :• Enter the code you need and the symbol will appear. In , the em dash is the third option while the en dash is second. What is an Em Dash Used for? To use an em dash on your Mac or PC, you'll need to use some quick keyboard shortcuts. 335. You may want to use the second option in each case, as it is easier to read if someone is going through your code. You can use two em dashes in a way similar to the usage of —to insert an explanation, an example, or added information in the middle of a sentence. An em dash is the longest of the dashes. Once again, the EM-dash adds more emphasis than the traditional punctuation mark. Mother—daughter relationship• There are two kinds of writers: those who like em dashes and impostors. , as are and. Often two hyphens are the substitute. The dash is less formal than the colon. Types of dash [ ] Usage varies both within English and in other languages, but the usual convention in printed English text is as follows:• I am working on a document with a lot of ranges and am replacing all the hyphens with en dashes and spaces! You can follow her on epbure , where she tweets more about music of the mid-90s than writing. Example:• In some fonts, the en dash is not much longer than the hyphen, and in , the en dash is actually shorter than the hyphen. The character is called an em dash because it is one wide, a length that varies depending on the font size. First, you say that some people prefer the look of the en dash with spaces on either side. Bringhurst, Robert 2004. Several airlines are competing on the Hanoi—Ho Chi Minh City route. Ranges of values [ ] The en dash is commonly used to indicate a closed range of values — a range with clearly defined and finite upper and lower boundaries — roughly signifying what might otherwise be communicated by the word "through". Otherwise, confusion rather than clarity is likely to result. Second, use it in place of a hyphen in a compound adjective when one of the elements of the adjective is an open compound, or when two or more of its elements are compounds, open or hyphenated. You can select a number of symbols from the emoji keyboard. Retrieved 19 October 2017. The hyphen is still the only sort of dash on a normal computer keyboard. Attributive compounds [ ] In English, the en dash is usually used instead of a in in which one or both elements is itself a compound, especially when the compound element is an , meaning it is not itself hyphenated. Repetition [ ] Three em dashes one after another can be used in a footnote, endnote, or another form of bibliographic entry to indicate repetition of the same author's name as that of the previous work, which is similar to the use of Typographic details [ ] Spacing and substitution [ ] According to most American sources such as and some British sources such as , an em dash should always be set closed, meaning it should not be surrounded by spaces. It may show small end-. So, in the example above, on some devices it can be hard to see a differences. This is from above in your information. Step 1: Place your insertion pointer where you need to type the em dash symbol. [updated] [New: how to type the n-dash on a phone or tablet] Yes! Make an em dash or en dash with a keyboard shortcut If you're a Mac user, congratulations: you basically only need to read the next sentence. They often help emphasize specific information. The en rule is, as its name indicates, an en in length, which makes it longer than a hyphen and half the length of an em rule. Things have changed a lot in the last year—mainly for the better. Klein, Todd 23 September 2008. 174. You'll need a three-key combination to insert an em dash on Mac. 2nd ed. New York—London flight however, it may be seen that New York to London flight is more appropriate because New York is a single name composed of two valid words; with a dash the phrase is ambiguous and could mean either Flight from New York to London or New flight from York to London• Identifying how an em-dash is used and actually using one in your own writing are two different things, the latter being trickier. The vertical position may also be centered on the zero digit, and thus higher than the en dash and em dash, which are appropriate for use with lowercase text in a vertical position similar to the hyphen. It is used within numbers e. She could only make out the following: I never planned on m——ng him. Unlike in English, the em dashes are spaced like brackets, i. But, whether someone write en dash, endash, n-dash or ndash, they are always spoken the same and refer to the same thing. Ends Sunday! Cheers! Feeling confident about the em dash? Woods, Geraldine 2005. Do you utilize EM dashes? In , the standard fonts have no figure dash; however, the digits normally all have the same width as the en dash, so an en dash can be substituted. Note that his Pete's Guide website has an updated version:. In most instances, the long dash is typed or written with no space before or after it. Using the em dash alt code, you can type this — on any Windows keyboard or PC. Another approach to abuse EM-dashes is by utilizing them at whatever point a semicolon, colon, or brackets appear. Woodbury, NY: Barron's Educational Series. Example Most newspapers — and all that follow AP style — insert a space before and after the em dash. Em dashes are longer than en dashes. Almost all versions of Windows in North America and Western Europe support Alt codes. Boston—Hartford route• — , Quotation [ ] Quotation mark-like use [ ] This is a. These are key combinations that can be used in any text field to access special characters, such as the en and em dash. 81—101. Thanks again. Compare era, which, if not fully compounded postwar , takes a hyphen, not an en dash. I see this as being, technically, wrong! Yagoda, Ben. Truthfully, I was ignorant of the em dash until Joe first approached me about a punctuation post. I'm a real, slam-bang, honest-to-goodness, three-fisted humdinger. Various restrict this range indication style to only parenthetical or tabular matter, requiring "to" or "through" in running text. Three alkali metals—sodium, potassium, and lithium—are the usual substituents. Simple revision of a statement as one's thoughts evolve on the fly:• IMDb. Some software, though, may operate in a more limited mode. Dennis stuffed his four closest companions into his vehicle—a modest, two-entryway Honda—for an end of the week excursion. Indicates breaks within words that wrap at the end of a line• It is sometimes held that, when used as an interruptor, the en dash should be "open" — spaced on both sides — in contrast to the em dash, which is closed. On the other hand, a spaced en dash may be ambiguous when it is also used for ranges, for example, in dates or between geographical locations with internal spaces. What not to do with EM-dash? Microsoft Word automatically converts two hyphens into a em-dash if you type a word after before and after. However, utilized skillfully, they include accentuation, cadence, and voice the manner in which no other accentuation check can. For instance, use two consecutive em dashes to indicate missing letters in a word. You can for more alternative ways to type this symbol. I shop at that cute little boutique—the one on the corner of Magnolia Street—whenever I need a gift for a friend. Whichever length you choose, use it consistently throughout your document. Surrounding punctuation should be placed as usual. Part II, No. Lamb, David. Dennis took his car a tiny, two-door Honda on a weekend road trip. Place your cursor where you want the dash to appear. What might be the correct format? Professional designers and typesetting snobs think Word is awful, but it works very well for most people. , Editing Canadian English, and the Canadian Oxford Dictionary all specify that an em dash should be set closed when used between words, a word and numeral, or two numerals. There are a couple of options, and barring any browser-specific bugs, both should output the same thing. non—group-specific blood• In most countries today, neither of these is used. Three alkali metals sodium, potassium, and lithium are the usual substituents. Can be used in sequences to generate long connected horizontal lines. This seems to be an even more old-fashioned way of referring to the dashes. Relationships and connections [ ] The en dash is used to contrast values or illustrate a relationship between two things. To Stand in for Missing Portions of a Word Pairing em dashes together helps represent an omission. They are multi-purpose, and came in a variety of sizes. , there is a space between main sentence and dash, but not between parenthetical phrase and dash. Many programs also automatically create an em dash when you type two single hyphens together. The em dash can tie independent clauses together like a sailor's knot, represent interruptions in thought, and more. Use EM-dashes in Place of a Semicolon EM-dash is versatile in its own terms—it can even take the place of the semicolon. First, use it to indicate ranges of time, money, or other amounts, or in certain other cases where it replaces the word "to". In , the figure dash is 2012 decimal 8210. Step 3: Whilst holding on to the Alt key, use the numeric keypad and type the em dash symbol alt code 0151. Copyeditors use dictionaries general, medical, biographical, and geographical to confirm the and thus the styling for specific terms, given that no one can know them all offhand. " In a related use, it may visually indicate the shift between speakers when they overlap in speech. It was alleged that D—— had been threatened with blackmail. Create an Em Dash To create an em dash in HTML, use the appropriate. Here are some beautiful em dash examples from literature. Dashes are, however, much less common than parentheses. An EM-dash gives you another alternative when you are managing an expression that depicts or explains upon a thing. For ages 3—5 For ages 3-5 For ages 3 through 5 pp. Connects grouped numbers, like a phone number 555-860-5086• Limited Time Only. Primarily in places where a set of or a might otherwise be used, [ ] it can show an abrupt change in thought or be used where a period is too strong and a too weak. The long dash is the widest of the three horizontal marks that may be used in the middle of a sentence. First of all, there are three lengths of what are all more or less dashes: hyphen - , en dash — , and em dash —. Parenthetical expressions are words or phrases that are added to a sentence without changing its initial meaning or grammatical structure. Use EM-dashes in Place of a Colon Just as EM-dashes add emphasis when they take the place of commas or parentheses, so do they add emphasis to an already emphatic punctuation mark: the colon? You can use these dashes in your writing to signify breaks, dialogue, and much more. But this is another example of a practical use for the mid-sentence dash sandwich. 5em--- instead, or simply an em dash. non-English-speaking air traffic controllers• My son—where has he gone? 3rd ed. Retrieved 19 July 2019. Pub for the next steps in marketing, setting up ads, getting reviews, etc. linkedin. Examples After three weeks on set, the cast was fed up with his direction or, rather, lack of direction. Hallelujah! I mean, relatively speaking. Angelelli; Holly E. instagram. Historically, the names of en dash and em dash came from the width of an uppercase N and uppercase M, respectively, in commonly used. Addison Wesley Longman.。

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How to insert an En dash or Em dash in Microsoft Word

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How To Type An Em Dash (on a PC or Mac when you want a hyphen)

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How To Use An Em Dash (—)

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Using Em Dashes and En Dashes Properly

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HTML Em Dash Code